Abstracts & Presenters
36th Annual IATUL Conference in Hannover, Germany/5 - 9 July 2015
“Strategic Partnerships for Access and Discovery”
“Innovative usage of unstructured information sources: From text- and data-mining to model-driven decision-support”
Nowadays, text and data mining (TDM) are well-established technologies in the information sciences. There are more and more examples for the added value that TDM brings to end users of scientific literature; however, in order to fully leverage the power of TDM, a tight integration of knowledge (extracted from unstructured information sources) and primary data (generated in a well-defined research context) is required for knowledge-driven mining.
In this talk, we will learn about methodology that supports the seamless integration of knowledge and data; we will also get an idea about the current limitations of automated methods for information extraction and semantic data integration. Based on concrete examples from challenging medical indication areas such as neurodegenerative diseases, I will dmeonstrate how text- and data-mining methods can facilitate disease modelling and how an enhanced interpretation of experimental clinical data is possible using model-driven mining approaches.
Martin Hofmann-Apitius holds a PhD in Molecular Biology and worked for more than 10 years in experimental molecular biology. The screening for novel genes involved in tumour metastasis lead him into the area of functional genomics and subsequently to applied bioinformatics. Martin Hofmann-Apitius has experience in both, academic (University of Heidelberg (ZMBH), Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe (ITG), German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ)) and industrial (BASF, Boehringer Ingelheim, LION bioscience AG) research. Since 2002 he is leading the Department of Bioinformatics at the Fraunhofer Institute for Algorithms and Scientific Computing (SCAI) in Sankt Augustin (Germany), a governmental non-profit research institute. In July 2006 he has been appointed as a Professor for Applied Life Science Informatics at Bonn-Aachen International Center for Information Technology (B-IT).
Martin Hofmann-Apitius is (co-)author of more than 130 scientific publications. Major scientific contributions were the cloning and identification of the first gene that mediates metastatic potential to tumour cells, the functional annotation of the mouse transriptome, and information extraction methodology used for the semi-automated generation of the first comprehensive, computable model for
Current research activities at the Department of Bioinformatics at Fraunhofer SCAI focus on:
- Automated methods for the extraction of relevant information from unstructured information sources such as journal
- publications, patents and web-based sources
- Knowledge-based, mechanistic modelling of neurodegenerative diseases
- Mining in real-world data (social networks, patient forums, electronic patient records)
- Scalable solution for unstructured information mining: HPC & cloud computing
Martin Hofmann-Apitius is initiator and academic coordinator of IMI project AETIONOMY (www.aetionomy.org) (industrial coordinator is Prof. Duncan McHale, UCB Pharma).
“From open access to open science: a vision”
Within the open science debate, the European Commission acts as both a policy maker and a research funder. As policy maker, it works with the Member States to co-ordinate national policies on access to and preservation of scientific information. As a research funder, it sets rules on open access and open research data in Horizon 2020. This presentation will give an overview of the Commission's vision and work regarding open access to scientific publications and open research data, and will put it into the broader context of the emerging policy work on open science.
José Cotta graduated in Mathematics from the University of Lisbon, Portugal in 1978 and has a PhD in Logic Programming. He was researcher in the National Laboratory for Civil Engineering in Lisbon and joined the European Commission in 1986 where he has held various management positions. He is currently the Head of Unit for Digital Science within the Communications Networks, Content and Technology (CONNECT) Directorate-General of the European Commission.
“Uncomfortable – Committing to change – Finding success”
Academic libraries are challenged to meet the changing demands of higher education. Some have seen budgets reduced and space eliminated. Many report dramatic changes in the use of print, in the development and management of their collections, and in the need for traditional reference services. Demand for instruction in classrooms is also declining in many institutions. The libraries at the University of Texas at Dallas are committed to advancing services and technologies in many ways. This paper will examine several of these changes and how the staff adapted to the new services. Librarians were not always universal in their support of the changes; however, various strategies were used to find good outcomes for each project.
Assisting in the creation a new discovery layer as an early adopter of ALMA/Primo (Ex Libris) provided librarians with an opportunity to develop a new system to meet their needs and those of their customers. While many were eager to embrace this creation, others struggled. A strategy was used to involve librarians in various aspects of the development of the new system and major training opportunities were used to enhance the staff commitment. Secondly, reference librarians migrated from a chat service developed by librarians to one that was created to improve customer service for commercial entities. While customers are highly supportive of the quality of the service, additional enhancements are needed to extend the chat service to non-traditional timeslots using support staff. A team approach is being created to involve other units within the public services component of the staff. Thirdly, collection development strategies are being reworked to curb the loss of print materials. Selectors were asked to purchase an e-book rather than a print title if a resource costs over a certain price point in an effort to reduce theft. Librarians were mandated by budget to change the format of their selections. This mandate has had mixed results depending upon the discipline and the opinion of the professional. Yet, the use of e-books to paper is far greater. Finally, the library undertook a repurposing and rewriting of their library guides to concentrate on up-to-date, digital resources. A small team was created to assist with the migration to a second generation system. Sessions were held to show the librarians problems with the old guides. This strategy created a better product and the commitment to the new system was greatly improved over the earlier model.
As libraries adopt new technologies, create new services, and migrate to new interfaces, it is important to find the means to assist with the stress created by each change. While no one strategy worked in every case, it is important to recognize the impact of the change on the professional staff. Adapting to the new library environment will encourage the development of all staff members and provide a means for the improving services needed by and useful to customers.
Ellen Safley's research interests include the transition to digital formats of scholarly information, the impact of discovery tools, and the major changes occurring in the space within academic libraries. Service patterns are changing dramatically and she is directly involved with how her medium-sized academic library is evolving to meet the demands. When she is not at work, Ellen is working on a certificate in botanical illustration.
“Exploring the diffusion of institutional repository through usage data”
This article shares experiences of setting up IIT Bombay digital repository to disseminate world class research output of the institute using interoperable, OAI complaint Dspace open source digital library software in the year 2006. This paper also explores IITB DR Usage statistics by using Google Analytics tool to justify the importance of Digital Repository. The usage statics reveals some useful indicators about the number of web users to the repository. The usage data reveal web users increased significantly since last two years. Study reports access of research papers by country wise, web traffic/channels which brought the web users to the IITB Digital Repository. This study proves that IR can be great channel to diffuse intellectual output of the university/research institute. The results provide a better understanding of the IITB IR access by world research community and provide better insight user search behavior. This study reveals that there is consistent acces s of users from all over the world. The results offer a base for future research on Institutional Repositories.
Mr. Manju Naika currently working as Asst. Librarian in Central Library, IIT Bombay, his current responsibilities includes Subscription of journals, Databases, License agreement to electronic resources, maintenance of Institutional Repository and Library website, Document Delivery Service (ILL), Library computer applications. Previously he worked as Asst. Officer (LIS) VTLS software PVT Ltd. He has published 8 research papers at international conferences and journals.
“Performance indicators at TUM library”
Strategic management relies on more than on experience and feeling. Performance indicators define essential factors the institution needs to benchmark and monitor its output and efficiency. They provide the foundation for management decisions concerning the development of the organisation and its services.
In Germany the German Library Statistics (Deutsche Bibliotheksstatistik, DBS) gathers indicators concerning library performance from more than 10.000 public and 271 academic libraries. The indicators are arranged in the divisions: library space and equipment, holdings, loans, spendings, budget and staff.
Facing constantly changing customer's needs and responsibilities for librarians, the library of TUM has decided to develop tailor-made performance indicators to measure and evaluate innovative services such as eRIC (= e-research - infrastructure and communication) - the libraries' communication and data management infrastructure project, the libraries' teaching role and its document and publication server mediaTUM.
TUM library implemented a quality management system according to ISO 9001 standard in 2007. The presentation provides an insight into the developing and implementation process of the libraries' set of performance indicators in the framework of its quality management system.
The authors Carolin Becker and Dr. Peter Essenwanger are members of the Subject Librarian Team of TUM library. Together they coordinate the quality management activities of the library. They are both trained as auditors. Carolin Becker and Dr. Peter Essenwanger lead the libraries' Quality Management Team. This team is staffed by representatives from all departments of the library. In 2014 the team compiled proposals of performance indicators for the University Librarian and the heads of the departments.
“Managing collections by the University Library. ETH Zurich's Strategy 2015 to 2020”
The collections and archives of ETH Zurich encompass just under 20 facilities. Their diversity reflects the historic development of collections at the university and its modern potential for research and teaching. In 2014 ETH Zurich's Executive Board agreed on the strategy 2015 to 2020 for ETH Zurich's collections and archives.
This paper presents the strategic approach of ETH Zurich's Executive Board and focuses on the role of ETH-Bibliothek in collection management. In line with ETH Zurich's policy ETH-Bibliothek coordinates the maintenance, preservation and further development of the collections. It serves as ETH Zurich's competence centre for metadata management and digitization. The convergence of libraries, archives and museums in the digital age gives ETH-Bibliothek a key role in making the holdings of ETH Zurich's collections and archives accessible and mediating them.
Dr. Stefan Wiederkehr is the head of Collections and Archives at ETH-Bibliothek (Zurich, Switzerland).
“Broader and deeper: Designing a digital newspaper system”
Newspapers are big resources for the future. Digitization and networking technologies are seen to encompass the range of technologies that exist to render information into digital form and to facilitate its transfer in digital form from one point to another. While the millennial users tend to believe that they know how and where to look for news that they would need, we are sure that librarians would be able to assist in their search by offering their skills and knowledge of subject keywords and the workings of digital newspaper systems. Successful systems collect and disseminate the news of the different fields; their services include instruction, electronic document delivery, access and use of digital and physical news collections.
The development of digital newspaper system is possible through the collaboration of libraries, archives, museums, institutions, and government agencies. This paper will describe the process of establishing, extending, using and improving these services in Turkey through national and international cooperation and collaboration. It will provide examples of different collaborative efforts, outlines the developments of systems and theirs proposed growth. Creating digital versions of newspapers in the National Library's original Turkish collections is an important way of improving national access to the newspaper collections and meeting the growing demand for access to online resources. The National Library of Turkey is responding to user demand for increased access to digital newspapers by seeking to supplement its selective digitisation of original resources with large –scale digitisation projects encompassing resources. The results of this study will also indicate that the actual users of each of the digital newspaper systems studied do encompass its intended users to a certain extent. This paper may lead to encourage dialogue and further exploration on these related topics.
Dr. H. Inci Önal is a Professor at the Department of Information Management at Hacettepe University in Ankara, Turkey. Her research focus is on innovation, media studies, information resources, information literacy, school librarianship, networks, genealogy, local history, archives, digital preservation, children's literature and the information-seeking behaviour of children and young adults. She holds graduate degrees in Library and Information Studies (MA and PhD) from the University of Hacettepe. Dr Önal has lectured on change management, school libraries, archives, printing and publishing history, media and information management courses arranged by the various universities, libraries, archives and the Ministry of National Education. She completed nationwide studies and projects about students', journalists' and historians' information requirements, improving the existing situation and the new information technologies. She was a member of the IFLA Standing Committee on School Libraries and Resource Centres and also contributed to the preparation of the IFLA / UNESCO School Library Manifesto. In 2004 she received the Takeshi Murofushi Research Award given by International Association of School Librarianship (IASL) for her project on 'School libraries of one world: the influence of standards'. Her recent research publications include "New developments on the Turkish school library scene", Journal of Librarianship and Information Science 2005, 37 (3): 141–152; and "IFLA / UNESCO School Library Manifesto for creating one world: Germany, Iran and Turkey in comparative perspective". Libri 2009, 59 (1): 45 – 54. She is an elected member of the IFLA Standing Committee on News Media Section.
“Increasing library value for users by registering a short course in information literacy”
Academic libraries increasingly need to add value to their universities and its strategic goals. Providing discovery tools and access to information is a key function that libraries are steering, but further to that is the importance of helping users to find and make sense of information in an information overloaded society. Users are often unaware of what libraries offer in terms of information sources and tools, where to access it and how to use it. Therefore, information literacy teaching and all its facets is one of the core functions of a library to ensure that users can use the discovery tools and navigate the access to information. The Cape Peninsula University of Technology (CPUT) Council approved an information literacy policy in 2009. The CPUT policy states that all programmes must integrate information literacy within the curriculum. One of the ways the library has assisted faculties with this was to register a short course called Certificate of Information Literacy and was offered in this format for the first time in 2013. The short course consists of five modules, which are developing a searching strategy to access relevant information, information sources and tools to access peer-reviewed sources, evaluating of information, legal use of information and bibliographic referencing. Students are given many practical hands-on exercises during class time and have to pass a summative online assessment via a Learning Management System (LMS), in this case Blackboard, to receive the certificate. This paper will discuss the process that was followed, strategic partnerships that were formed, administrative framework that had to be put in place, the curriculum, assessment instrument and implementation. It will highlight some challenges as well as comparing Information Literacy teaching statistics of 2013-2014 with previous years before the introduction of the short course. Areas for further research and strategies will also be discussed.
Mrs Janine Lockhart has worked in academic libraries for 14 years and works in the area of Training, Development & Information Literacy at the Cape Peninsula University of Technology (CPUT) Libraries, South Africa. She has a Master's degree in Business Administration and is a qualified Education, Training and Development Practitioner and Assessor. She is also the chair of the Information Literacy Committee at CPUT. This committee is a sub-committee of the Senate Teaching & Learning Committee.
“The Library as a Service - making knowledge and science tangible!”
With the adoption of our Agenda 2020 in 2013, we as library are building up a sustainable infrastructure to even more actively support our campus-community in their goals of teaching and research. In our contribution to this conference we would like to report on our recent activities.
Our first example demonstrates a web-based tool to search for, read and analyze the key points of any scientific work by any of our university staff for self-editing and to which can be added more information by the library staff. This cluster of subject headings from each researcher helps us to directly provide them with improved services such as news about publications and databases.
In another project, we adapted a publishing list tool for bibliographic data with the intention of creating a campus-related bibliography. This web-based tool is enriched with export-facilities, open access opportunities and, last but not least, the possibility to produce a hyperlinked tag cloud to make the main topics of publications visible at a glance.
As a third and ongoing project, we are developing an instrument of systematization in the form of a thesaurus to provide an easy overview of the main topics of teaching which will be implemented into our discovery and search-engine related machine.
With all these activities, we aim to provide long-term support to the university to achieve its goals of expanding its research activities and raising more external funding in order to establish a PhD program.
Frank Seeliger: “In the first part of my professional life I completed a vocational training as an electrician. I then pursued studies in the field of Cultural Anthropology, leading first to a Master's and subsequently to a Doctor's degree. I had gathered valuable work experience in both professions by 2006.
In the second part of my professional life I followed postgraduate studies to become an academic librarian at the Humboldt University in Berlin at the Institute of Library Science (Institut für Bibliothekswissenschaft); 2008 I was awarded with my certificate in library science. Since then I have been able to communicate on equal terms with librarians!
Since 2006 I have been the head of the academic library at the University of Applied Sciences Wildau, a town in the Federal State Brandenburg, located in the outskirts of Berlin.”
Petra Keidel studied library and information science / german language and literature studies at the Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin. She has been working in the library of the UAS Wildau in Brandenburg since 2009, where she is responsible for the management of electronic resources. Currently she is involved in the project to create a thesaurus and to integrate it into the Library Search Engine named WILBERT.
“Shadow of the leader: How library leaders undermine or bolster change efforts”
Studies show that over 70% of change efforts fail due to a combination of staff resistance and management behaviour that undermines the change. Based on data from publications, interviews, and firsthand experience, the authors identify the most common productive and unproductive behaviours exhibited by library leaders in times of change. Using real world examples, the paper explains why these often unconscious behaviours can undermine or bolster change initiatives. The paper culminates in recommendations to library leaders on how to behave during change initiatives to increase their odds of success.
Petra Düren is Professor for Management of Library and Information Services at the Hamburg University of Applied Sciences. Prior to this, Petra was Head of Department at the German National Library of Science and Technology and the University Library Hannover (TIB/UB), member of Library Management and responsible for corporate management. Her main research projects are change management, leadership and knowledge management.
“Validating Library Strategies by assuming the user perspective”
Strategies determine the long-term direction of companies and institutions are usually formulated by top management. The first step is to determine what objectives are to be achieved and individual strategies are developed in this context, then, how these goals can be achieved. Thus, strategies define paths to the goal.
But what exactly is a "goal"? A lot of problems arise because goals' and 'objectives' are not clearly defined and can mean many different things to different stakeholders. As a consequence, the word "goal" is no longer used, but more precisely differentiated into "results", "uses" and "benefits".
There is a method coming over from New Zealand to validate your strategy, i.e. to see what needs to be done, to make the strategy more successful and to give evidence to the desired outcomes / benefits and to looks at the costs compared to the benefits. It is done by adding or integrating the users perspective to the planning and validating process.
The first step in validating a library project, programme or strategy is to define it rigorously using the following general sequence: There are (Library) Projects and they will produce Results which customers will Use to create Benefits.
This logical sequence is called PRUB. PRUB simply and precisely describes the processes in the relationship between the library and the users. To validate each library project, programme or strategy it must be described as a Sub-Strategy which contains all the linked Projects, Results and Uses which are both necessary and sufficient to generate the desired Benefits.
The first two areas are within the library, while the other two areas are on the user side. In this context it is also shown that strategy development can start with value to customers, so all strategy can be user-orientated at last. The paper will show the new method using a practical example from the library environment.
“Hildesheim University Library – User-oriented change management”
The transformation of university libraries is frequently driven by changes in adjacent areas that, given their pace and simultaneous occurrence, pose a particular challenge to the decision makers. This paper focuses on major changes within Hildesheim University which necessitated strategic changes within the library in order to ensure high-quality library services tailored to our customers' needs. Major facets of the library strategy, elements of strategic planning and dynamic steering with regard to print and digital information resources, library spaces, communication, and outreach, will be discussed. In addition, aspects of governance will be touched upon like securing funds, establishing new partnerships, and developing shared initiatives on as well as off campus.
Ewald Brahms has been library director at the University of Hildesheim Foundation since 2006. From 2002 to 2006 he worked with Lower-Saxony's Ministry of Research and Cultural Affairs in the fields of research libraries, computer centers, and information management. At the German Research Foundation he was responsible for funding programs supporting innovative library services and international cooperation (1995-2002). As a member of regional, national and international committees, working groups, and task forces, Brahms has contributed to the profession for many years.
“Strategic planning and collaborative effort to preserve the university's history”
Since established in 1963, Sacred Heart University has accumulated tens of thousands of photographs that have recorded the significant moments or important occasions in the university's history. Over the years, more and more photos have been taken but the effort to preserve the valuable information has not been up to the pace of the photo accumulation. Realizing some photos started to deteriorate due to the physical space in which these images were stored and the university was about to lose the visual data, the office of University Advancement (UA) began to seek a long-term solution that would help them manage the data in 2008. After discussing with UA, the library took over the project because the library had the expertise to implement the project, and the project would resonate with the library's digital strategy. This paper focuses on the significance of planning strategically when partnership and collaboration across divisions occur. It also examines the outreach strategies that would get various interested constituents from in and outside the university involved in this project. In addition, the paper discusses how the archival project has naturally triggered sub-projects such as using Yahoo Flickr to bulk load photos and getting information about the photos through the users' contribution. Nevertheless, the ultimate goal of the paper is to instigate further discussions from peers about the project's sustainability and best practices of managing such projects.
“From Frankfurt to New York and back: German-American collaboration for providing access to lost Jewish heritage”
The virtual reconstruction of the most comprehensive book collection of Jewish Studies at the early 20th century, the Freimann-collection housed at the Frankfurt University Library, was made possible by the successful collaboration between the Frankfurt University Library and the Leo Baeck Institute / Center for Jewish Studies in New York. The collection was damaged during World War II and this cooperation recreated the academic and cultural resources of the pre-Holocaust era through use of 21st century technology by forming an online portal for researchers across the globe. Thus a trove of materials was created whose benefit to the advance of study and research also outside the scope of Jewish Studies cannot be overestimated and could not be achieved through other means.
In order to rebuild this collection in a virtual way a new and specific workflow was established that allowed for an efficient process of transferring images and metadata directly from one institution to another. This approach maximized productivity, saved costs, and resulted in an efficient strategy for benefiting the scholarly world. The metadata were synchronized using mappings between the formats involved like PICA, MARC21/MARC and MODS. Standardized metadata were supplied in METS/MODS format allowing for conversion into the EDM (European Data Model), the domain independent standard of Europeana. On the base of the German authority data a Linked Open Data subnetwork is established, in which publications, persons, places and terms are intertwined and linked with outside information and which is available via the Europeana API for further reuse. In addition through OAI interface the metadata are harvested and indexed in search engines and all digital images can be accessed by open access.
Marko Knepper studied physics and computer science. The first library position was 2000 at the Hessian State Library in Wiesbaden being responsible for information and IT. Since 2009 he is manager of the department "Electronic Services" of the University Library in Frankfurt am Main. He is involved in various digitization projects where his focus is on the exchange and enrichment of the metadata of the digital resources in order to improve the visibility and usability of the content.
“Hybridization of Indigenous Knowledge and Documentation of Intangible Cultural Heritage of Batticaloa District of Sri Lanka”
Modern technology is believed to be the panacea of all issues in human life; nevertheless, it has both merits and demerits on users and their environment. Many aspects of technology of today have not been time-tested nor known for their adverse effects on the natural environment. On contrary, local knowledge had been time-tested and eco-friendly, though it is slow to exert its benefits, in terms of mass industrial outcome. With the growing concern for environmental protection, there needs to be hybridization of traditional knowledge with modern technologies to sustain natural resources. Having a long historical track, the eastern coastal area of Sri Lanka has unique array of cultural heritage darned with indigenous knowledge in all its aspects, such as medicine, literature, religion, art, farming and irrigation, and food preservation. Eastern Province showcases an enriched in traditional knowledge with many of such unique cultural heritage apart from the rest of the Island. However, these pockets of indigenous knowledge and cultural heritage were subject to threats and loss, due to man-made reasons and natural disasters such as Tsunami, cyclone and flood. Therefore, it has been a need to discover the materials and practices that possess cultural heritage and indigenous knowledge of Batticaloa, respectively, and to document in appropriate media to take them to the posterity. The importance of gathering and documenting the body of local knowledge is not only to preserve uniqueness of society but to revive those economically and culturally valuable assets to support modern science and technology. The objectives of the survey include discovery of resources possessing heritage values, increasing the awareness of preserving indigenous knowledge and cultural entities in the district, and developing a digital repository to preserve indigenous knowledge and cultural values of local communities. Moreover, elements of cultural tourism, which is an indivisible component of eco-tourism, will be enhanced and made visible through exhibiting heritage items on digital repository. This paper elaborates on works carried out to survey the evidence for local cultural heritage, in the light of developing an electronic repository at Eastern University, Sri Lanka, to document and preserve district's distinctive identity in terms of cultural heritage and traditional knowledge.
Mr. Thankavadivel Ramanan is, at present, serving as a Senior Assistant Librarian at Eastern University, Sri Lanka, which is located in the eastern coast of the island. He graduated in Agriculture (Hon.) from the same university in 2002. Prior to his current position, he was temporarily employed as an Assistant Lecturer at the Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Agriculture of Eastern University, Sri Lanka. His interests in social works made him to seek an opportunity in Action contre la Faim that was volunteering in the war-torn areas of Sri Lanka. Having followed a diploma in Library & Information Science conducted by the Sri Lanka Library Association, he was intrigued by the library profession, and joined the Eastern University in 2004. He finished his research in Master of Library and Information Science at the University of Colombo in 2010. A diploma in Human Resource Management is also added to his career development record. He has been engaged in conducting lectures for both graduate and diploma students who follow library and information science, for the past ten years. He was offered an Indian Fellowship in 2011. He received a short-term training in Ha Noi, Vietnam in 2014, which was organized by Special Libraries Association (SLA). With over 20 publications in international journals and national and international conferences, he is extending his service as journal reviewer for African Educational Research Journal, International Research Publication House (India), and NILIS Symposium (Sri Lanka). By holding a charted librarianship in Sri Lanka Library Association, his social responsibility extends to workshops and seminars conducted for teacher librarians in the zone. His research interests are in social networks and Library 2.0, knowledge management, library consortium, indigenous knowledge development, cultural heritage, digital repositories, green library technology, information literacy and LIS education.
“A cross-institutional partnership approach to Information Literacy enhancement”
While it is an international trend to integrate information literacy (IL) into the university curriculum, it is not yet a standard practice in Hong Kong. Furthermore, there is currently no territory wide stipulation on IL in Hong Kong higher education, and concepts of information literacy remain unfamiliar to the university community. This paper describes the first large scale cross-institutional project that aims to enhance IL in Hong Kong higher education through firstly assessing IL education needs of students across eight institutions, and then to use such data with input from faculties to inform the development of a shared interactive multimedia IL courseware and self-assessment tool. "Course Enhancement Funds" will also be provided to individual courses to promote faculty-librarian partnerships for embedding IL elements into them. To deepen IL embedment, a professional capacity building programme will be organised to aid librarians from participating institutions in building collaborative partnerships with faculties. By using a broad, evidence-based approach, through cross-institutional partnership, to provide relevant learning experiences appropriate for local student needs and collaborating with faculties across the eight largest higher education institutions in Hong Kong, the project seeks to bring about a paradigm shift in Hong Kong higher education leading to a valuing of IL among university management and faculty, and in-depth embedment of IL into the university curricula.
Dr Shirley Chiu-wing Wong is currently the University Librarian of the Hong Kong Polytechnic University. She chairs the JULAC Learning Strategies Committee which aims to advocate information literacy in higher education. She has extensive library professional and administrative experiences, especially in instruction on effective and ethical use of information, developing library into learning space, and providing user-centered information services.
“Strategic partnerships for new perspectives on teaching Information Literacy to students of Industrial Engineering and Management”
There is a broad consensus that libraries can be considered to be one of the most important players in the field of teaching information literacy (IL). However, while the necessity of gaining a high level of IL may be evident on the institutional side, it is often not apparent to students.
For that reason, librarians have to think about new ways to create innovative and motivating didactic settings for the distribution of IL.
A window of opportunity to pursue this thought in Braunschweig opened during the re-accreditation of the study programs of the Faculty of Mechanical Engineering. In this context, the University Library was requested to create a new study module on IL for future students of industrial engineering and management.
As there usually is a strong congruence of IL contents among libraries, the University Library of Braunschweig launched a cooperation with the two other University Libraries of technical universities in Niedersachsen, Clausthal and Hannover, to profit from synergies and experiences.
The objective of the trilocal project is to create a game-based blended-learning module on IL that is both, motivating for the students, and accessible to other interested institutions, through its adaptable, modularized and open-source structure. The technical side of the project will be realized by the Institute of Business Information Systems (Department Information Management) of the Technische Universität Braunschweig. Here, students as representatives of the target group, will be involved in the creation of the storyboard and development of the ranking criteria for the game by a student innovation project.
This example – in the context of IL – shows how strategic partnerships of Technical University Libraries and external cooperation partners can open up new paths for important working fields of scientific libraries.
After graduating in educational science at the Technische Universität Braunschweig in 2004, Simone Kibler gained professional experience as a center coordinator in a language school. In 2007, she decided to focus on scientific work at university and received her doctorate (2011).
Subsequently, she was appointed to manage the project "Information Literacy" of the University Library Braunschweig and is subject librarian for educational science. Additionally, she now leads the project "IBlendIKo".
“Increasing students’ ability to discover and access to academic information: information literacy for blind and visually impaired students at Federal University of Santa Catarina Library”
Federal University of Santa Catarina Library has a relevant information literacy program. However, there weren't classes designed for students with disabilities. As a pilot, in December 2014, an instruction session about electronic scholarly sources was taught to a group of blind and visually impaired students. Despite considerable preparation and assistive technology support, during the class several difficulties have taken place. In this paper those difficulties are described as well as the goals that must be achieved in order to develop an appropriated information literacy module for blind and visually impaired students at UFSC Library.
Karyn M. Lehmkuhl: Bachelor in Library Science (2003) and Master in Information Science (2012) at Federal University of Santa Catarina (UFSC). Currently works as reference librarian, chief of reference section at UFSC Library. Has experience in academic libraries, specifically with user education, information literacy, information retrieval, databases, citing and reference standards and accessible library services.
“Research data management faculty practices: a Canadian perspective”
The inclusion of a data management plan in applications for publicly funded research grants has become standard practice in the United States, with academic libraries playing an important role in supporting faculty needs. In Canada, requirements for the submission of a data management plan as part of funding applications are a new consideration for faculty. These considerations are crucial in a large and multifaceted research-intensive institution such as the University of Toronto; however, studies focusing on the particular research data practices of engineering faculty are limited.
In order to create services that reflect the needs of our faculty, librarians in the University of Toronto Libraries administered a survey to all ranks of the Faculty of Applied Science and Engineering to determine faculty practice and attitudes toward storing and sharing their research data. Here, we present the results of this survey and compare them with available data from other engineering schools.
Leveraging intra- and inter-institutional relationships in order to gain a richer understanding of the Canadian research data management landscape has been a key added element in this project. We discuss cross campus collaborations which resulted in adapting the original engineering-focused survey for use in all physical sciences disciplines at University of Toronto, and highlight some of the cross-disciplinary differences encountered. We also discuss ongoing efforts to partner with selected other Canadian schools to generate comparative data for cross analysis.
Cristina Sewerin is Acting Head at University of Toronto's Engineering & Computer Science Library, where she has served as a librarian since 2001. The University of Toronto Libraries system is the largest academic library in Canada and is ranked third among peer institutions in North America, behind just Harvard and Yale.
“RADAR - A repository for long tail data”
The way knowledge is shared is experiencing a paradigm shift: Digital networks allow new degrees of openness for research and its resources, accompanied by a huge potential for scientists, inventors, industry and citizens. Accessible data will allow all groups to participate in innovation and value creation regardless of their geographical location and individual background. However, for researchers who are evaluated by their academic performance and scientific excellence, there is a fine balance between benefits and concerns regarding the openness of resources such as knowledge and data. With the Research Data Repository (RADAR) project we provide solutions to maintain this balance: In RADAR, an interdisciplinary infrastructure for the preservation, publication, creditability and traceability of research data from the fields of the 'long tail of science' is developed.
Here we present the first RADAR prototype: A robust, generic end-point data repository which enables clients to preserve research results up to 15 years and assign well-graded access rights, or to publish data with a DOI assignment for an unlimited period of time.
Potential clients include libraries, research institutions, publishers and open platforms which desire an adaptable digital infrastructure to archive and publish data according to their institutional requirements and workflows.
In a nutshell, RADAR can help clients with the following issues:
- Securely storing research data.
- Preserving information after a project is completed, a grant ends or employees leave.
- Publishing data and keeping it traceable and citable across communities via a discipline-agnostic metadata scheme.
- Ensuring that data are 'stable' after publication e.g. to allow accurate comparisons later.
- Providing data management services for their respective customer groups up front while using RADAR as a back-end system.
Angelina Kraft is a research associate at the German National Library of Science and Technology. She has a PhD in Biological Oceanography, which helps her work on assisting researchers better manage and share their data. Working in the Department of R&D, she co-manages the RADAR-Research Data Repository project, which aims to establish a generic data infrastructure. As a member of the DOI team she also develops quality standards and best practices for the electronic publishing of research data.
“Open? Make it easy and fair!”
A Library should be open in all aspects. TU Delft Library believes that students and researchers will be more successful if they share their knowledge. Open Science fosters access to and sharing of knowledge. In this talk several aspects of Open Access and of Open Science from the perspective of a university librarian are shared with the IATUL audience.
In August 2011, Wilma van Wezenbeek (1967) became director of the TU Delft Library, where she has been employed since 2006. She has been heavily involved in the transformation of the Library building to a Library Learning Centre and was departmental head of Library Relations and deputy director before taking up her current post. TU Delft supports Open Science and the Library is a strong advocate for Open Access and Open Research. The library believes that it will be a benefit to all stakeholders if knowledge flows freely. That is why the Library strongly support open access publishing. Before joining the world of libraries, Wilma has held a career in scientific publishing for over 12 years and has a severe interest in scientific communication. First she worked at Elsevier Science, where she – in her last position – was responsible for the portfolio computational intelligence. Then she set up the FEMS Publications Office. FEMS is the Federation of European Microbiology Societies. Wilma graduated in Materials Science & Engineering (from TU Delft, 1991).
“University Libraries – between Service Providers and Research Institutions”
In the last years the process of generating, disseminating, and archiving new knowledge has changed fundamentally. Beside the increasing amount of new knowledge that needs to be processed, new paradigms for search, access, and exchange have evolved: digital information is discovered, interlinked with curated databases, commented upon, adapted, and shared in Web-based collaborative research infrastructures. And this does not only concern classic scientific publications in monographs, journals, or conference proceedings, but also data in the form of models and simulations, experimental data sets or results of analyses. This new way of creating knowledge is often referred to as e-Science (enhanced science), and heavily relies on modern Web information management and Web 2.0 technologies.
In order to reflect these changes university libraries as dedicated infrastructure provider for the management of scientific research information need to get active: besides handling the exponentially growing amount of rather heterogeneous material (the information deluge) users need customizable and personalizable digital tools and value-added services to support the effective and efficient utilization of information resources. This need has also been recognized by prominent funding agencies like the German Research Foundation (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, DFG), which recently phased out one of its oldest grant programs for libraries, the system of Special Subject Collections, and introduced a new funding line called Scientific Information Services. But the key to providing a solid foundation for all such services obviously lies in the comprehensive and qualitatively sound indexing of the textual and non-textual resources, which, however, usually needs manual efforts and thus is hard to provide on today's limited budgets. In this keynotes we will take a closer look at the current change in libraries and the research challenges to develop advanced methods for information provisioning. We argue that this research needs to become an integral part of modern library structures and will be strongly interdisciplinary in nature.
Wolf-Tilo Balke currently heads the Institute for Information Systems (IfIS) as a full professor at Technische Universität Braunschweig, Germany, and serves as a director of L3S Research Center at Leibniz Universität Hannover, Germany. Before, he was associate research director at L3S and a research fellow at the University of California at Berkeley, USA. His research is in the area of databases and information service provisioning, including personalized query processing, retrieval algorithms, preference-based retrieval and ontology-based discovery and selection of services. In 2013 Wolf-Tilo Balke has been elected as a member of the Academia Europaea. He is the recipient of two Emmy-Noether-Grants of Excellence by the German Research Foundation (DFG) and the Scientific Award of the University Foundation Augsburg, Germany. He has received his B.A and M.Sc degree in mathematics and a PhD in computer science from University of Augsburg, Germany.
“The WorldWideScience Alliance: An international partnership to improve access to scientific and technical information”
The WorldWideScience Alliance is a strategic partnership, comprised of national and international libraries and information centers, whose goal is to eliminate barriers to finding and sharing scientific and technical information across national boundaries. The Alliance provides the governance structure and sets the direction for WorldWideScience.org (WWS.org), a federated search portal offering users the ability to simultaneously search, in real time, over 100 scientific and technical databases from more than 70 countries. Search results from the various databases, incorporating information in textual, multimedia, and scientific data formats, are then relevance-ranked, and a consolidated results list is presented to the user. Multilingual translations capabilities are available for ten languages, which makes scholarly material more accessible to both developed and developing countries. Through the Alliance partnership, participating members increase access to scientif ic information by allowing databases in their respective countries to be searched via WWS.org. As the open access movement continues to expand, the Alliance views these resources as a promising area for future growth, as open science and sharing of information are crucial to the advancement of scientific knowledge. WWS.org is an important resource for university libraries because of its unique content and search functionality, not offered by commercial products and search engines.
Lorrie Johnson is a Senior Librarian at the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Scientific and Technical Information. She is the Operating Agent representative for the WorldWideScience Alliance, and is responsible for product management, outreach, and recruitment of new members. Lorrie earned a Master of Science degree in Library and Information Sciences from the University of Tennessee, and dual Bachelor of Sciences degrees in Biochemistry and Zoology from North Carolina State University.
“We all do better when we work together" - The international EconBiz Partner Network: Improving research, access to subject information and international cooperation in economics and business studies”
The German National Library of Economics (ZBW) runs the subject portal EconBiz.de, one of the largest search-portals for economics and business studies and related subjects. The international EconBiz partner network initiated by the ZBW is a strategic partnership for improving search experiences and various network activities.
The EconBiz partner network enables research institutions and libraries to interact and find solutions for challenges that all or many partners face (e.g. access to information). It helps to find partners for potential projects. Events hosted by partners are promoted through the EconBiz calendar of events. This ensures greater visibility for the events and enrichment of the calendar at the same time. The promotion of ZBW's library services and improved visibility of German research in the partner countries is a welcome effect for ZBW whereas the partners gain access to a wealth of quality publications. The partners and ZBW work together to develop the leading portal for subject information in business and economics.
The annual partner-meetings give all partners the opportunity to exchange ideas and discuss current topics with likeminded institutions and give us insights into the topics that are important for a culturally diverse community. The meetings as well as the annual student competition organized by the ZBW also provide us with user feedback to improve our services. In addition, the student competitions are a way to get students involved with ZBW's services as well as an unobtrusive approach to improve the students' information literacy.
The idea of a partner network evolved at the end of 2011, and three years later the network consists of 22 partners in 22 countries. We expect to further expand the network in the future.
This paper will present the idea behind as well as the benefits of the partner-network. The first steps in establishing the network, some detours on the way, lessons learned and plans for the future will be described.
Dr. Tamara Pianos is the head of Information Provision and Access at the ZBW the German National Library of Economics – Leibniz Information Centre for Economics. Her major fields of activity are the subject portal EconBiz, information literacy and the international EconBiz partner network.
After finishing her PhD in Canadian Studies she started her traineeship to become an academic librarian in Osnabrueck and Cologne. From 2002 to 2005 she worked at the German National Library of Science and Technology (TIB) in Hanover. In 2005 she started working for the ZBW in various capacities.
“3Cs to learning: The Thammasat University Libraries experience”
One mission of the Thammasat University Libraries is to make information accessible to all. The policy known as 3Cs to Learning supports this goal, focusing on correctness, connectivity, and collaboration. We will discuss the 3Cs concept at Thammasat University in terms of the innovative plagiarism software MyCat, an application for checking duplicates in student dissertations, theses, and reports as well as staff papers. Correctly checking Thai script is a key requirement in this cutting-edge product, since the Thai language has its own characters and has not been as globalized as other major languages.
MyCat is software for checking information correctness. It provides connectivity between university standards and actual data to be distributed among libraries for collaborative sharing. Using it, Thammasat collaborated with the National Electronics and Computer Technology Center (NECTEC), a division of the National Science and Technology Development Agency. NECTEC implemented the software, using Thammasat University dissertation work flows, developing and suggesting groundbreaking ways to demonstrate this powerful plagiarism software to the public as a practical benefit to society.
This collaboration is an example of a library using local, lower-cost products with more effective impact on the local academic scene. Ideally in the future, widespread collaboration among Thai universities for checking duplicates may extend to the regional level for the purpose of sharing data. To develop into an effective tool, one essential requirement is that it opens a pathway to new learning.
Srichan Chancheewa has served as the Director of Thammasat University Libraries since 2006. She started her career at Thammasat University Libraries in 1976 after her graduation from the Department of Library Science, Faculty of Liberal Arts, Thammasat University. Srichan holds a Master of Library Sciences from Emporia State University, Kansas, USA.
She had chaired the 2011 Thai Academic Libraries Organizing Committee, the heart of Thailand's many collaborative library activities.
“University library – support to university scientific journals”
New publication standards in the international scientific publishing environment keep gradually coming up. At a university, various types of journals are published (in external cooperation, university-wide, faculty-wide, departmental, etc.). Their editors are above all expert researchers, lecturers and authors in their domain, giving the journals its scientific quality. On the other hand, it is hard for them to become as well experts in complex publishing activities. They lack personal capacity, time, even familiarity with the availability of the standards at the university and possibility to ask for assistance. On top of this, some argue by lack of money, and by low importance of the standards in their opinion.
The Central Library at the Czech Technical University in Prague has implemented and tested the standards in order to keep up the level of scientific publishing at the university and to provide complex assistance to the journal editors at one place to work towards the journals' visibility and prestige in the international environment.
We started a project of creating a "publication toolkit" - providing publication tools and assistance with implementing them. That means: publishing platform (Open Journal Systems), DOI, CrossCheck, Cited-by linking, ORCID, institutional repository; and assistance/guidance in: Open Access publishing (Gold/Green OA), DOAJ registration, journal quality evaluation, and citation databases indexing criteria (WoS, Scopus). As the next phase, we started partnering with university scientific journals to provide the editorial boards with the tools and services upon their individual needs to help them with their editorial and publication process.
The article will first describe the library's role and experience in implementing and administering the "publication toolkit". Second, it will describe existing partnerships, partnerships in progress, future goals, and the synergetic effect that these partnerships bring to all parties.
Lenka Nemeckova is a librarian at the Central Library of the Czech Technical University in Prague. She focuses on the administration and usage evaluation of electronic information resources, and on information support of R&D, above all the support of publishing process and Open Access publishing. She is also part of the institutional repository team at the university.
“Is it too late to ensure continuity of access to the scholarly record?”
Once upon a time university libraries could reply upon an informal agreement whereby research libraries held much of what we call the scholarly record. To provide access also meant to keep content, for use today and tomorrow. The role of 'holding library' exercised by research libraries also provided support to many more 'access libraries', through variousforms of document supply. Today, it is the publishers not libraries who deliver researchers and students with an ease of access that would once have seemed unimaginable. Are university libraries now only customers, no longer custodians of content; are their e-collections really only e-connections?
Much of the same could be said of the government documents and newspapers that once sat on library shelves now that so much is issued online.
Providing continued access to the scholarly record is among the essential tasks. How may research libraries ensure that the scholarly record and the resources needed for scholarship remain under the effective control of libraries - either in the custody of consortia of research libraries or entrusted to the care of others? Evidence from the Keepers Registry will be used to report on the extent to which e-journal content is being archived, and would seem to be at risk of loss.
There is need for cooperation, with some actions appropriate at regional and national level and others requiring international or trans-national division of labour. This must include intelligence gathering to establish what digital content is being archived for future use and what should be regarded as having priority for attention for fear that it may be lost.
Peter Burnhill is Director of EDINA, the Jisc centre for digital expertise and service delivery at the University of Edinburgh. Peter provides leadership in the development & delivery of services to universities and colleges in the UK and beyond. A statistician, researcher and senior lecturer by background, he has worked to support library activity for over 20 years. He led the first web-based serials union catalogue (SALSER) and the first UK serials union catalogue (SUNCAT) and now has keen focus on ways to ensure continuing access and integrity of the scholarly record given the shift to digital, engaged with thekeepers.org and hiberlink.org. He also led the set up of Edinburgh University Data Library, EDINA and the Digital Curation Centre. Peter is past president of IASSIST (the association for data librarians & archivists), an honorary Fellow of the Royal Scottish Geographic Society and Observer with the ISSN Network.
Dr Lisa Otty is a Project Officer in Bibliography and Multimedia at EDINA, the Jisc centre for digital expertise and online service delivery at the University of Edinburgh. She supports projects focused on digital preservation and digitisation. Prior to joining EDINA, she held AHRC research fellowships at the University of Dundee and the University of Edinburgh, where she was subsequently a lecturer in Book History and Digital Humanities. In 2012, she was the Alfred and Blanche Knopf Visiting Fellow at the Harry Ransom Centre, University of Texas (Austin). She has also worked on several knowledge exchange initiatives, developing university partnerships with libraries and the cultural sector more broadly: these include a series of workshops in 2013/14 funded by The Royal Society of Edinburgh and focused on Scotland's National Collections and the Digital Humanities.
“The 30th year of Thai Private University Library collaboration”
The first informal library collaboration network among Thai private academic institutions was created in 1985. The "Private Higher Education Institution Library Group (PHEL)" was founded by librarians from eleven private academic libraries in Thailand. In 1987, the PHEL group was officially established as one of the Sub-committees under the "Association of Private Higher Education Institutions of Thailand". Accordingly, its name was changed to be "The Sub-Committee on Private University Library Development" and in 2003, the "Sub-Committee on Private University Library Systems and Network Development" (PUL-Net or ThaiPUL-Net respectively).
Currently, the ThaiPUL-Net is consisting of 66 libraries from private higher education institutions. Its collaborations and activities have been employed by the following strategic objectives: 1) enhance collaboration by knowledge resource sharing and usage; 2) enhance library quality service development; 3) enhance research and best practices in library and information sciences; 4) act as "a knowledge sharing community" between librarians and information professional.
Since then the ThaiPul-Net has developed into an indispensable network for higher education in Thailand and will celebrate its 30 birthday in 2015. The subsequent article will describe the development of ThaiPUL-NET and explore its impact on the strategic and political environment of Thai higher education. The experiences on library service collaborative and digital resource projects are included.
Ed.D. (Administrative Policies and Studies in Higher Education) University of Pittsburgh, USA
M.A. (Library and Information Science) Chulalongkorn University, Thailand
B.A. (Library and Information Science) Thammasat University, Thailand
“Repurposing library space: How the teaching and development grant and strategic partnerships made this a reality”
The main thrust of the Durban University of Technology Strategic Plan 2012-2014 was to establish a conducive learning environment by repurposing the physical learning environments in the main library. The aim was to create a space that was flexible and customizable, safe and secure, and enhanced and supported different learning approaches.
Over the past decade or more, academic libraries have undergone dramatic changes in both the physical and virtual environments. Most of these changes have been driven in part by the changing landscape of higher education and to some extent due to the impact of the rapid development of information and communication technology. Not only have these changes altered the traditional shape of academic libraries but has also lead to increased expectations of library services and facilities from library users.
The Durban University of Technology Library has grappled for some time with attempts to modernise the library and make the space inviting. The original library has morphed over the years from a single floor to a four storey building with too many stacks and not enough spaces that are conducive for learning. The footprint of the library stacks have shrunk due to the reduction in print books and periodicals and most of the seating arrangements were archaic and uncomfortable at best. Costs were a major factor that had to be considered in our attempts to repurpose the library into a student-centered space and place.
An opportunity to apply for the Teaching and Development Grant proved to be the catalyst that would set the library on the path to develop a blueprint to revitalise our space as a learning hub. This paper will track the journey the Library embarked on and how the Teaching and Development Grant opened the way for effective partnerships both in and outside the university that ultimately contributed to our aim of creating a modern and appropriate Library space.
Sagren Moodley has been working in academic libraries for the past 24 years. As the Manager for Library Technology and Innovation and Development at the Durban University of Technology, his responsibilities include research into new library technologies and systems; development of library spaces and facilities, and library staff development. He is currently completing a Masters in Information Technology. His research focusses on the use of the Summon web discovery tool by undergraduate students.
“New challenges and new opportunities: Competency-based education and the libraries”
Competency-based education is growing in popularity as a flexible and responsive way to certify and credential the skills students acquire during their educational process, moreso than the traditional course-based model of higher education. In a traditional degree program, students take a variety of courses, are provided a single grade, and having successfully completed a collection of courses at a 'C' level or better, given a degree. Potential employers have traditionally asked, so what do students actually know?
Competency-based education, attempts to provide more granularity by describing and documenting individual skills, knowledge, and attitudes students have demonstrated in the course of their educational careers. Competency-based degrees, with their enhanced granularity, provide new opportunities for librarians to interact with faculty to advance their information literacy program. Often librarians provide one-shot or consultative services for courses, but ultimately, the determination of the student's competence is administered by the disciplinary faculty rather than the librarian. Since information literacy can be a small focus of any individual course, students can pass at the course level without demonstrating any information literacy competencies.
At Purdue, the Libraries collaborated with the College of Technology in the creation of a four-year competency based degree program that requires the equivalent of four credits of information literacy badges. These badges are created and administered by librarians, although they are embedded in other classroom experiences. This provides unprecedented involvement in the curriculum and evaluation of student achievement of information literacy competencies. This paper provides an overview of the process by which the partnership between the College of Technology and the Libraries came about, how the program was developed, and initial review of the pilot implementation for an incoming cohort of students.
Michael Fosmire is Professor of Library Science and Head of the Physical Sciences, Engineering, and Technology Division of the Purdue Libraries. He has published extensively on information literacy applied to science and engineering students, and he is the author of two recent books, Integrating Information Literacy into the Engineering Design Process and the Sudden Selector's Guide to Physics.
“Value-based pricing, open access, enhanced usage rights – the impact of current trends on collaborative collection building for digital resources”
The advent of digital resources in the 1990s saw the establishment of collaborative collection building structures and strategies in the form of library consortia. Amongst many other aspects their work tends to be associated with the so-called Big Deal, i.e. the purchase of journal bundles as an at least temporary and never unambiguous answer to what is known as the serials crisis. Since then a significant variety of new parameters and developments has come into play. The paper aims at analysing a number of major current trends in their rather complex impact on the collaborative acquisition of digital resources. New dimensions to be considered would include the transformation from holdings-based pricing structures, which are predominantly based on historic print spend, towards redefined value-based pricing parameters, which on the library side require both sound transition strategies as well as enhanced market power in order to bring about the required change. Another key aspect is the impact of the gold open access movement, not only in its own right as an alternative route of publication set against the traditional approach, but also in its interlinking with the subscription-based model, which has led to the current trend of negotiating so-called offsetting mechanisms for APC costs within a subscription-based framework. What is more, it is no longer sufficient to restrict the usage of licensed digital resources to simple access rights, but it is increasingly important to find e.g. mechanisms for securing perpetual access, including hosting rights, or provide for enabling text and data mining activities. The paper argues that current collaborative initiatives will have to actively respond to these trends and have indeed lost none of their importance for them.
Hildegard Schäffler is Head of the Serials, Licensing & Electronic Publishing Department at the Bavarian State Library, Munich, Germany. This department includes the Head Office of the Bavarian Consortium of university and higher education libraries. She is Chair of the Bavarian Commission for Electronic Resources, Chair of the German, Austrian, Swiss Consortia Organisation and Co-chair of the Licencing Working Group of the Alliance Initiative Digital Resources of the German Research Organisations.
“Integrity vs diversity: New platform for Russian University Library cooperation”
The paper is devoted to current state and trends of evolution in the area of the common e-environment of library information provision for education and research in Russian universities. There are some obstacles for integration of Russian e-resources within world leading discovery indices and for the usage of those discovery systems in Russian academic libraries: financial limits lead to inconstancy of subscription, language barrier lowers the usage of expensive resources, difference of formats causes difficulties in search interface customization, etc.
Two national projects of Russian e-resources integration are presented: 1) development of common interface to electronic catalogues for the libraries in the sphere of education and research, conducted by the ministry of education and research of Russian Federation; 2) National Electronic Library, supported by the ministry of culture of Russian Federation. The first project joins research libraries, the second covers public libraries. Both of them have to solve many problems caused by huge diversity of thousands involved libraries.
The effectiveness of less scale initiatives of regional or consortia level is more visible. The concept and architecture of thematic e-libraries, joining activities of several universities, are proposed. The integrity is reached by means of common portal, coordinated requirements for available resources and transparent access. The model of discovery service, joining Russian e-resources and resources of partner foreign university libraries, combined with EBSCO discovery index, is presented. This model is implemented within new library portal of St. Petersburg State Polytechnic University. Discovery interface provides novel functions such as dynamic online user-driven selection of the weight of term within the "author-subject-title" triad, Single sign-on functionality is supported by the register of the FEDedation of Unified access to academic resources for RUSsia (FEDURUS).
Natalia Sokolova (Ph.D. in Computer Sciences from St. Petersburg Polytechnic University, Russia) is currently working as Director of Institute of Consortia Library Information Systems. For last 15 years she is involved in study and development of novel IT-based user-driven approaches for library management and information provision. She is the Head of RUSLANet library consortium, joining university libraries of the North-West of Russia.
“Tribhuvan University Central Library (TUCL) Nepal and its prosperity”
Tribhuvan University Central Library established in 1959AD with 1200 collection. In the premises of University, TUCL covers whole library activities of Nepal of Nepal in the position of National Library. Library offers ISBN registration, Nepal collection, Disaster Corner, SAARC Documentation, vast electronic resources service, Oxford, INASP e-resources, Nepali Journal Online (NepJOL) service. IT facility, Digitization, Trainings, Distance Video conference and other hundred services on Library related facilities. Seventy member staff are very busy to make this library as Center of Excellence by developing Knowledge Management skill.
Main stream of library bent down to disseminate information, diffusion of e-resources and making digitization of valuable materials for the satisfaction of users and professional peers. The last resort of knowledge management attempt is strengthening library system vital to create research activities in our university. Near future we decide to make central library as the centre of excellence.
It was my morning march in Tribhuvan University from 1972 AD. First of all I started my sincere duty from confidential section of Examination Department gradually I was evolved in Librarianship. Now, I am the Chief Librarian of TUCL Many training programme on E-resources and Knowledge Management has been conducted each and every year under my supervision. More than 9 publications of books have been published and more than 200 articles published in National and International papers. My academic qualification is Master Degree in different subjects, B. Lib. Sc., Post Doctorate from Srilanka in complementary medicine.
“Mahidol University Libraries network and involvement in the collaboration on electronic resources development of University libraries in Thailand”
The success of the University depends on information resources, services and technologies to support the core functions of learning, teaching, research and innovation, engagement, and internationalization strategies. Hence, the Library has an important role to play in supporting the full range of these institutional strategies. One of Mahidol University's main strength lies in its research excellence with high performance ranking of scientific papers on microbiology and immunology disciplines. As a resource of information and data for research, Mahidol University Library and Knowledge Center system have to acquire scientific information resources supporting the university research needs. For more than a decade, to prepare for the budget risk, Mahidol University Library and knowledge system has set up a policy in line with the University sharing resources policy. By developing effective partnerships with librarians across the University and Colleges in order to provide seamless library and information services for the research and education communities as well as hospital services. Seeking source of funds through collaboration with faculties is one of strategies to continue to deliver high-quality core services while exploring new ways of adding value to these services. A committee from various faculties executive has been set up to consider the cost benefit factors as well as the appropriate electronic databases to share for research needs. To promote accessibility and diversity in all our services, efforts to work with external partners as consortium at national and international level to reduce costs and share resources are additional methods.
Chaweewan Swasdee is Director of Mahidol University Library and Knowledge Center. She started her profession at medical library as serials librarian responsible for local medical journals indexing and later as head of serials section, she took responsibility on subscribing printed, electronic journals, and databases. She is also Chairman of Consortium subscription to Reference Databases Committee for The Office of Higher Education Commission, Ministry of Education. Chaweewan received her Masters of Library Sciences from the Chulalongkorn University, Thailand.
“E- book subscription in university libraries: a case of Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India”
The use and subscription of e- books in universities is growing at a very fast pace across the world. This is because libraries are switching over to subscription to e- resources in order to cater to the information seeking behavior of the new users, popularly called netizens. Besides, the libraries also save on space. This has also led to the expansion of e- book market worldwide which provides e- books to the libraries.
The Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU) was established in 1966 in New Delhi. It is a publicly-funded institution which imparts teaching at graduate, post-graduate levels and supports research programs. The University has more than 500 faculty members and over 7000 students. The university has ten Schools of Studies and three Special Centers; in addition, there are nine Centers at the School of International Studies; three Centers at School of Information Technology; 11 Centers at School of Language Literature and Culture Studies; 12 centers in School of Social Sciences. Centers develop and maintain rigorous and scientific research methodology in specific discipline or area of study housed in the parent school of studies.
In this context, the present study reports the e- book subscription at the central library of Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi. The Central Library subscribes to more than 100,000 + e- books from various publishers across different disciplines. The paper describes the various challenges which the Central Library faced and how they were overcome. It highlights the usage of e- books over a span of three years. On the basis of experience gained with the work of e- book subscription it concludes that the print books are still cheaper than their electronic equivalents. All the academic titles required are not available in digital format. The e- book publishers put lot of restrictions on the use of e- books like permit limited downloading, printing and simultaneous use. No perfect model has emerged which can result in a win -win situation for publishers as well as libraries.
“Structuring for strategic partnership – a new focus for library learning, teaching and research services”
In 2015 the La Trobe University library implemented a new structure that is more closely aligned with the university aspirations for the future of learning, teaching and research. Central to the University's future vision is a shift to blended learning and increased emphasis on research. To match this future direction the library now has distinct teams focused on and aligned with learning and teaching and with research. This brings previously disparate functions together in expert library teams and has resulted in new ways of offering library services in partnership with stakeholders.
The new library structure is designed to strengthen strategic partnerships between the library and other areas of the university. The new teams work side by side with university colleagues to develop and deliver services. The new structure formalises the best of past collaborative ways of working, making such practice part of a new norm. Two frameworks; the Library learning and teaching partnership framework, and the Library research partnership framework are the strategic overlay for the new teams and provide lateral ways of working within these new focus areas to add value to the client experience, student learning and research outcomes.
This paper will explore our challenges and successes in implementing the new structure. What has it meant for professional development, communication and navigating new service boundaries? In particular the paper outlines how a structure focussed on strategic partnership is changing our approaches to information and digital literacy, blended learning, and frontline learning services. The new library structure is a result of a new vision for strategic partnership which recognises the importance of linking with other areas of the university to deliver enhanced services. It is more than just reorganising how services are delivered; it is the beginning of a new identity for library staff that is more closely aligned with learning, teaching and research.
Fiona Salisbury is the Deputy Director, Learning and Teaching in the University Library at La Trobe University. Fiona has worked at La Trobe since 2006 and her responsibilities at different times have included learning and teaching services, research support services, web development and communications, and collaborative library initiatives related to curriculum design. Before working at La Trobe University Fiona held a number of senior positions at the University of Melbourne Library.
“Supporting research through information literacy programmes: SMU Libraries' learning journeys”
Singapore Management University (SMU) has been building its research programmes towards high-impact and larger scale research. The number of postgraduate students has grown from 615 students in 2010 to 1,260 students in January 2015. The growing population of postgraduates, especially those with research requirements, has posed both opportunities and challenges to library's resources, facilities and services.
Library is committed to provide resources and services that support research. This includes developing and implementing Information Literacy (IL) programmes that are relevant to researchers and postgraduates. The IL programmes were structured and offered within an Information Literacy Framework that SMU Libraries have been using for the past five years. With changes in graduates' population, diversity in graduate programmes, advances in technology, and complexities in research information literacy; the Framework, eventually, required re-evaluation and re-alignment. The main goal of the Framework was still to achieve the IL competency standards as outlined in ACRL's Information Literacy Competency Standards for Higher Education (2000). However, the ways to develop, implement and promote the IL programmes, would benefit from a more flexible, yet practical Framework.
By observing and critically evaluating the IL practice at SMU Libraries, this paper put together best IL practices that work well with postgraduates and molded them into a flexible IL Framework that supports research information literacy.
Yuyun W. Ishak started her librarianship journey as a system librarian. She was then involved in various e-learning projects and expanded her technical skills as library webmaster. She is currently the Business Research Librarian in Singapore Management University Libraries. She is actively involved in providing instructional and reference services and championing Library's various social media channels. She can be contacted at firstname.lastname@example.org.
“Librarians' skills for e-research support – joint project at TU München and CPUT”
Many academic libraries are steering Research Data Management (RDM) at their universities. One of the areas this is impacting is to ensure that library staff has the necessary skills to support RDM. Both libraries, Technische Universität München (TUM) and Cape Peninsula University of Technology (CPUT), are in the process of developing skills programs for librarians in this regard. In early 2014 a joint workshop between these two university librarians took place at CPUT Libraries. Teams were allocated to work on the various aspects of RDM. One of the groups worked on identifying the skills that librarians would need to support researchers by looking at the research cycle, including information retrieval, reference management, funding, data management plan, data storage and long term preservation and publication process. The authors will share the processes followed within each of the libraries to develop and implement the skills programme, the list of necessary courses identified, the collaboration that took place to share information and course content between these two university libraries, the importance of partnerships with other departments within the university that are specialists in some of these areas. In the future aspects of this process will be continually evaluated. These experiences will be shared as lessons learnt and to improve where needed. Expertise could be shared during training sessions via teleconferencing.
Caroline Leiß studied German and Slavic Literature at the Universities of Tuebingen, Wolgograd, Moscow, Berlin and Konstanz. After several years as a research assistant she completed a further education programme in academic librarianship and started working at the University Library of the Technische Universität München in 2003. As head of information services she is responsible for maintaining a comprehensive information literacy programme and up-to-date enquiry services. The focus of her work is on implementing and evaluating a flexible service portfolio that covers all learning stages and user groups of TUM students and staff.
Janine Lockhart has worked in academic libraries for 14 years and works in the area of Training, Development & Information Literacy at the Cape Peninsula University of Technology (CPUT) Libraries, South Africa. She has a Master's degree in Business Administration and is a qualified Education, Training and Development Practitioner and Assessor. She is also the chair of the Information Literacy Committee at CPUT. This committee is a sub-committee of the Senate Teaching & Learning Committee.
Changing spaces: Creating the next generation of work environments for library staff”
The modern university library is constantly changing and evolving, and the physical space, rather than diminishing is in fact increasing in importance and complexity. Much emphasis has been placed on creating flexible, comfortable, and efficient patron spaces but less attention has been paid to creating space for library staff that can meet the challenges of evolving library services. Adaptable and relevant staff spaces that can meet the always-changing needs of the library are critical to every library's mission.
Staff space needs are myriad, and vary greatly from library to library – there is no "one size fits all" model. Some needs are temporary, whether for a short-term project or a temporary position. Other needs are longer in duration. There are needs for online work environments and there are needs for face-to-face interactions with patrons. And of course, all of these spaces must be capable of continued evolution as new service models are tested and new needs are met.
In this presentation, a library director will discuss some of the trends, needs, and challenges that relate to creating effective staff spaces and an architect will discuss how architects and designers are responding to these needs.
Sharon L. Bostick is Dean of Libraries at the Illinois Institute of Technology in Chicago. She was formerly Dean of Libraries at the University of Missouri Kansas City, Director of Libraries at the University of Massachusetts Boston, and has held library positions at other universities in the United States. She holds a Ph.D. in Higher Education Administration from Wayne State University, an AMLS (Library Science) from the University of Michigan, and a BA in English and Counseling from Oakland University. She has also worked as an independent consultant for libraries and higher education. She has written and presented extensively on information-seeking behavior in university students, on academic and library consortia in the United States and on academic library buildings. She created the Library Anxiety Scale, a statistically validated instrument and is co-author of the book "Library Anxiety: Theory, Research and Applications".
Bryan Irwin is an architect with Sasaki Associates in Boston, Massachusetts. His practice is focused primarily on libraries and classroom buildings, with an emphasis on spaces that blend traditional library services with instructional and academic support initiatives. Recent projects include the Holland Commons at Dixie State University, the Miller Nichols Library and Interactive Classroom Building at the University of Missouri at Kansas City, and the Munday Library at Saint Edwards University.
“Impact2: through the power of collaboration. How we increased our impact by helping researchers to increase theirs”
Strategic planning and delivery of services at the University of Auckland's Libraries and Learning Services (L&LS) is underpinned by institutional collaboration and consultation. L&LS continues to strengthen its specialist research support services with an enhanced focus on strategic partnerships. L&LS is the institutional owner of Research Outputs (Symplectic Elements), the system used by University of Auckland (UoA) researchers to record and manage their research publications and professional activities. Research Outputs is also a key data source for services that support UoA researchers increase their visibility, track and measure their research impact, and generate data for performance reviews. A reference group of senior academic and professional staff, chaired by the University Librarian, is a forum for strategic decision making on best practice use and development of Research Outputs. The UoA external facing university directory and academic profiles use a publication feed from Research Outputs and is one example of L&LS collaborating on an enterprise wide project to increase the visibility of researchers. L&LS actively contribute to several working groups including an initiative to promote ways to enhance academic reputation and profile, and increase citations. One outcome was a marked increase in deposits to the UoA research repository. A research impact publication service was launched by L&LS in 2014. The multi-faceted BiblioInformatics Service, developed with input from strategic partners and stakeholders, offers researchers consultations with librarians on how to track and maximise the impact of their research outputs and is supported by online guides. A self-service platform, drawing on Research Outputs as a data source, provides information such as h-index and top cited publications. To support strategic decision making the service also delivers benchmarking and collaboration reports to Senior Management on research and citation performance.
Hester Mountifield is the Associate University Librarian (Academic & Research Support Services) University of Auckland, New Zealand. She contributes to the strategic development of Libraries & Learning Services through planning, organisational development and policy formulation. She is responsible for provision of collections and services supporting the teaching, learning and research activities of staff and students. Her division includes 8 subject librarian teams and 4 specialist teams; research support, learning design, student academic literacy & academic English development.
“Easy access to open access: Integration of open access publications into the EZB Linking Service”
Fast and easy access to electronic resources plays a key role in academic library services. Since 1997 the University Library of Regensburg provides the Electronic Journals Library (EZB, http://ezb.ur.de), a database for academic electronic journals, which is used and collaboratively maintained by more than 600 libraries. The bibliographic metadata and holdings information for e-journals of the EZB build the basis for the EZB Linking Service, a link resolver to check the availability of full texts in electronic journals and to offer links to journal contents in accordance with existing access rights. For several thousand journals of about 45 different publishers a direct link to the journals' full texts with respect to permissions can be offered in such a way. The EZB Linking Service is involved in over 40 third-party systems, like library portals, internet portals, virtual libraries or specialized databases. With about 70 million requests in 2014, the EZB Linking Servi ce is an intensively used service of the information infrastructure in Germany.
However, research articles in institutional repositories, which are simultaneously published in scientific journals, are often not included in the existing link resolver. As part of a project, funded by the German Research Foundation (DFG), the extension of the EZB Linking Service to open access publications in different institutional repositories is planned to make the access to these publications easier for end users. As a result of the project, different publication types of full texts in academic journals and institutional repositories will be merged in one service and offered to end users as alternative article links.
The speakers will take a look at the usage of the EZB Linking Service and the possibilities of integrating it in research portals. In addition, they will report on the planned integration of open access publications into the EZB Linking Service.
Dr. Evelinde Hutzler has been a University Librarian at the University of Regensburg in Germany since 1995. Before, she studied education, sociology and psychology and graduated with a PhD. She is head of the user services department and head of the Electronic Journals Library (EZB).
Silke Weisheit studied Management Information Systems and subsequently worked in a consulting and research institute. As a member of the EZB IT team she is now involved in the further development of the EZB.
Semantic metadata that express properties and relations of an ontology help finding more relevant search results. This talk presents the TIB|AV-Portal, the scientific video portal of the German National Library of Science and Technology, as a use case where a semantic retrieval has been implemented. The structure of the talk is as follows: first, we consider the automatic video analysis of the TIB|AV-Portal. We then take a closer look at the named-entity recognition, which carries out the semantic indexing of the videos. We discuss what kinds of metadata are used in the portal and what role they play in the retrieval. Only a part of the metadata, namely the GND (Gemeinsame Normdatei) subject headings, is semantic. Finally, we focus on the semantic search of the portal. The textual query accounts for semantic relations (synonyms and translations) of the entered search terms. The semantic faceted search, on the other hand, is based on GND subject headings, which are uniquely defined by their URI. The semantic search of the portal improves the traditional keyword-based search by both extending and specifying relevant search results.
Sven Strobel studied linguistics and history at the University of Stuttgart and did his PhD in linguistics as a member of a graduate school. He then worked in the broadcasting sector –SWR, Bayerischer Rundfunk – as information specialist. Currently, he works at the Competence Centre for non-textual Materials at the German National Library of Science and Technology (TIB), dealing with the conceptual development of the TIB|AV-Portal.
So far, scientific knowledge has primarily been communicated in form of written texts accompanied by a few images. Non-textual materials were considered to be inappropriate for academic purposes. They were usually regarded as general-interest publications rather than as 'proper' scientific publications. Nowadays, the importance of scientific audiovisual media is continuously increasing.
In this context, video abstracts contribute to the creation of a multimodal scholarship. A multimodal scholarship involves the use of multiple digital mediums to communicate research and increase the audience this research reaches. Being multimodal also involves the collaboration between different agents: scientists, librarians, and publishers.
Paloma Marín Arraiza studied physics at the University of Granada. She also holds a master's degree in information science and science communication from the same university. She is currently part of the Competence Centre for non-textual Materials at the German National Library of Science and Technology (TIB), where she works as a research assistant in the development and research division.
“It all started with blogs: Developing new roles for librarians in collaborating with faculty on teaching, learning and research”
The globalization of information has led academic libraries to hasten the speed in re-defining their roles and to seek new areas in which they could continue to be an important partner in learning, teaching and research. As libraries move from physical space to online space and now to social media space, there exist many opportunities for libraries and librarians to reshape our roles and increase our value to our users. One area in which our library at Nanyang Technological University explored in the last few years is to work closely with faculty in developing blogs and blogging platforms to deliver their courses, assessing student work, and reaching out to their wider community. The Library formed a New Media Group two years ago to spearhead, explore and develop substantive services using social media tools and methods. In the process, we hope to interest and develop new skills and expertise that build on the traditional skills of librarians as well as venture into new a reas that are important in the current information environment. This paper will provide an overview of how our new media services have made a positive impact on the university community as well to discuss some of the potential new roles of librarians.
Chia Yew Boon is the Deputy Director, New Media Group, and Head, Humanities & Social Sciences Library at the Nanyang Technology University, Singapore. He actively tracks emerging technologies which are relevant to the higher education sector and spearheads social media initiatives and mobile projects. Collaborating closely with the faculty, technical staff and other users, he manages the blogs@NTU platform to support the teaching, research, community building and marketing needs of the users. He also represents the library in campus wide projects such as the Cool Campus Implementation Committee and the Blue Ribbon Commission Subcommittee on Classroom of Tomorrow.
“3D Printing and Scanning: New Ways to Engage with Students and Researchers”
Modern academic libraries are always looking for new ways to engage with researchers and demonstrate their relevance and value. To this end, the University of Oxford's Bodleian Libraries' strategic plan states that one of its main goals is to "[d]evelop digital services that benefit research, teaching and learning." One novel digital service recently launched at the Radcliffe Science Library is a 3D printing and scanning service. The threefold aim of this service was to demonstrate and expose students and researchers to these new technologies, to provide them with easy access to this technology to allow them to explore its potential for their research, and to offer 3D printing to classes and courses being taught at the university. This paper discusses the motivations for creating this service, how the service was developed and launched, what the response was, and what trends were determined in its usage. Most notably it was found that students and researchers discovered novel ways to use the technology, from creating teaching aides to visualising research data for dissemination to wider audiences. The authors conclude by discussing the effectiveness of providing 3D printing and scanning services in academic libraries to meet strategic priorities and give librarians an innovative avenue to engage with academic departments, while providing added value to both students and researchers.
Since 2012 Oliver Bridle has been the Subject Librarian for Biology and Forestry based at the Radcliffe Science Library, University of Oxford. He is chiefly responsible for providing library services for the departments of Zoology and Plant Sciences and the Undergraduate Biological Sciences course. He also maintains the University's extensive Forestry collections. Previous positions at the library have included Assistant Subject Librarian for Biochemistry (2010-12).
“Mobile Discovery for Libraries and Museums”
In 2014, over one billion smartphones have been sold worldwide, around 3 trillion search queries were entered solely on Google, a growing part from mobile devices. With rapidly growing digitization, enormous changes accompany almost all areas of our lifes and define new ways we fundamentally deal with information, education, and culture. At the same time, cultural institutions increasingly assume social responsibilities that go beyond the mere transmission of knowledge. For this purpose, infrastructures are necessary that allow to archive digital content independent from their media type and domain and make it available to the public; on the other hand, it is necessary to semantically link this content and present it to a more and more demanding audience that is already used to interactive and participatory forms of knowledge dissemination and information research. The cloud media projects in Hesse created a platform to give access to heterogeneous content types and domains and link them semantically. Two strategic partners, the Städel museum in Frankfurt and the Darmstadt University and State Library, provide use cases for 2 applications based on the platform: a discovery app for literature, and a virtual museum app for art, both implemented with responsive design and touch screen support to enable mobile usage. The first provides a search and discovery in the library's ressources using a topic wheel to support an efficient and intuitive drill-down of extensive search results. The second allows an exploration of the Städel's collection on mobile devices; users are able to find similar artworks considering different features such as artist, theme, motif, era, atmosphere, etc. Both take advantage of touch-sensitive displays and allow an intuitive and ludic handling. They break fresh ground by leaving the classic search and find paradigm towards digital strolling: just like a physical visit to a library or museum, strolling around, discovering things, and getting inspired.
Wolfgang Stille studied mathematics in Heidelberg and holds a doctoral degree in computer science from TU Darmstadt. He deals with efficient information processing algorithms, including semantic technologies and innovative ways to provide literature in digital libraries. Since May 2013, he heads the Department of Electronic Information Services of Darmstadt University and State Library. The design and development of information systems in project context are also part of his area of responsibility.